Biogas Project in Cambodia
Many Cambodians have no access to gas and electricity, especially in rural areas, where almost 12 of the 14 million inhabitants of the country live. Previously, families prepared their food above a wood fire or cooked on charcoal. Cooking with wood and/or coal is expensive, unhealthy, time-consuming and bad for the environment. The National Biogas Programme makes it possible to make biogas installations accessible and affordable for Cambodian families.
The Biogas Project
Bio-digesters are made for household use. This very valuable technique provides households with clean energy for cooking and with gas for lighting. Many families have no light at night or only have kerosene lanterns. The bio-digesters ensure savings on fuel costs and reduce the effort needed to collect firewood. There are also fewer health problems because of the absence of smoke from the kitchen. Biogas is also a good substitute for the increasingly scarce firewood and prevents deforestation. The result: the use of biogas significantly reduces the emission of greenhouse gases. The program allows 19,000 families in Cambodia to use biogas that comes from their own cows and pigs, which means significant savings in firewood, kerosene and batteries. This money can be invested in education, food and operating the farm. Additionally, a new market sector for biogas entrepreneurs and bricklayers is created. Women indicate that “cooking with gas is much faster”. The farmers are also happy with the by-product: “The ‘slurry’ is a good fertilizer for our rice and vegetables”. And there is naturally a significant reduction in CO2 emissions.
The National Biogas Programme is run by the Ministry of Forestry and Fisheries in Cambodia is and supported technically by SNV, a Dutch development organization. The HIVOS climate fund develops the programme’s CO2 credits under the Gold Standard developed by the WWF. The programme is made possible by the sale of these CO2 credits. The income from the sale of the Gold Standard credits makes the implementation of the programme possible.
Factsheet Biogas Project in Cambodia >>
- A biogas installation saves 4.79 tonnes of CO2, 2,000 kg of wood and 50 litres of kerosene per year
- Accessible and clean fuel for cooking and lighting
- Improves the living environment on the farm
- More than 1,500 hectares of forest is saved
- Reduction of CO2 and methane (a greenhouse gas that is 25x stronger than CO2).
Health and social
- 100% less air pollution in the house
- Lowered chance of pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer
- More than 2,000 biogas installations have a connection to the toilet
- Many households now have access to a hygienic toilet
- Biogas lanterns allow longer days and more useful activities
- More time for women because they no longer have to gather wood
- Each household saves $225 per year on the purchase of wood, charcoal and artificial fertilizers
- More than 600 temporary and permanent jobs have been created
- Improved agricultural production through the use of fertile, organic fertilizer (‘slurry’)
- Less depletion of agricultural land through not using artificial fertilizers
- More time for women to use for paid employment